How large is indianapolis?

Indianapolis, known colloquially as Indy, is the state capital and the most populous city in the U.S. UU. State of Indiana and seat of Marion County. Earlier this week, the Indiana Business Research Center at Indiana University's Kelley Business School analyzed some of the Indiana census data, showing that Fort Wayne, Indianapolis and Carmel recorded the top three year-on-year population increases.

Whitestown was also shown to be the state's fastest-growing community for the sixth consecutive year. Even the best-managed organizations can develop the habit of staying in their comfort zones, refusing to change course even though they know they should, and even if they know the consequences of not acting. Often, leaders will convince themselves that the current state is somehow good and solvable. Within Indiana BusinessA, a division of IBJ Media.

Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America, North America Indianapolis, the capital of Indiana, is the twelfth largest city in the United States. Located on land destined for the capital of a state in the early 19th century, it was inspired by Washington D. C. Although not located in a navigable body of water, the city's central location relative to the state and much of the country has made it an important transportation and distribution center since the 19th century.

Since the 1970s, Indianapolis has earned a reputation as a sports center by building significant sports and visitor facilities and vigorously promoting itself as a venue for a wide variety of sports events for fans. However, its most famous sporting event is still the Indianapolis 500 Mile race, which is held annually at the Indianapolis Speedway. Indianapolis is located east of the White River, in central Indiana. It is the largest city in the United States that is not located on the shores of a navigable body of water.

Its main thoroughfare is Washington Street (I-40), which crosses the city from east to west, as part of a larger grid pattern that governs the design of the city's streets. Indiana has the Greyhound and Trailways bus lines. Both the Amtrak bus station and train station are located in the renovated Union Station, in the center of S Street. Amtrak service is provided to Washington, DC.

And Chicago, with three weekly trips to each city. Nearly eight million passengers a year use Indianapolis International Airport, which is located seven miles southwest of downtown Indianapolis. Airport managed by a private company (the same company that manages London's Heathrow and Gatwick airports). Serving 18 airlines, it offers more than 175 daily departures to 76 different destinations.

It is also a package sorting center for FedEx and the U.S. The design of Indianapolis, the twelfth largest city in the country, is a grid pattern inspired by that of Washington D. Its main roads intersect at the Monument to the Soldiers and Sailors, in the heart of the city. The main east-west artery is Washington Street (I-40).

The main north-south highway is Meridian Street, which is a major shopping center. The Indiana Public Transportation Corporation (METRO) operates 138 city buses and provides service to people with disabilities through the Metro Transit Open Door program. The base fare for local public transportation is 75 cents. Walking tours are offered in the Mile Square area, in the heart of downtown Indianapolis.

According to estimates by the 1997 Census Bureau, Indianapolis has a population of 813,670, up 2.1 percent from 1990, when its population was 731,327 (47 percent men, 53 percent women). In the early 1970s, there was a revival of interest in the city's older residential districts, leading to the revitalization of neighborhoods such as Lockerbie Square, Woodruff Place, Old Northside and Herron-Morton. With its cobblestone streets, Lockerbie Square, which was once home to the poet James Whitcomb Riley (1849-18191), is considered an excellent example of Victorian renewal. The Midtown area has fountains, bridges, walkways and new residential and commercial construction in the heart of the city.

Chatham Arch has become an increasingly popular area for residential renovation. Other neighborhoods in the city include historic Fletcher Place and Fountain Square, University Heights, which surrounds the University of Indianapolis, Homecroft and Old North Side, as well as the exclusive Meridan-Kessler neighborhood. Suburban areas include Carmel, which is to the north of the city, and Greenwood, to the south. It took some time before the city grew significantly, at least in part because it wasn't located near a navigable body of water, since the nearby White River was too shallow to navigate.

However, with the construction of the national highway (now I-40) that crossed the city in 1830 and the completion of the Central Canal in 1839, industrial activity increased and the arrival of the first railroad lines in 1847 allowed access to the Ohio River, eventually turning Indianapolis into a commercial center. By the middle of the century, immigration, especially from Germans, increased the city's population to 18,611 at the start of the Civil War. In 1970, the Indianapolis City and County governments merged to form a distinctive government system known as UniGov. Executive power is exercised by the mayor, who is elected for a four-year term and heads an administration consisting of six departments.

It governs in conjunction with a 29-member City-County Council, also elected for four-year terms, either by district or in general. In 1995, the Indianapolis government employed 12,000 people. Government, industry and services are components of the Indianapolis economy. Manufacturing was the dominant sector until the 1980s, when it was surpassed by services and retail.

Indianapolis's manufacturing industries include food and food products, paper, chemicals, printing and publishing, petroleum, plastics, bricks, clothing, fabricated metal products, machinery, transportation equipment, medical and optical products, and electronic products. By the end of 1996, the manufacturing industry employed 126,100 people in Indianapolis. Major companies with corporate headquarters in the city include Eli Lilly and Company (manufacturer of pharmaceutical products), Allied Gas and Turbine, Allison Transmissions and Associated Group (an insurance company that has been recommended as one of the country's top companies to invest in). Although Indianapolis is the largest major city in the United States and is not located near a navigable body of water, it remains an important transportation hub due to its central geographical location.

Five railroads, four interstate highways and one international airport offer shipping services, and shipping costs are among the lowest in the country. The city's labor scene is brilliant, as the number of employed workers has increased steadily since the mid-1980s. At the beginning of 1999, its workforce numbered 835,990 people and unemployment was 2.7 per cent. The main employment sectors at the end of 1996 were (in descending order) wholesale and retail trade, services, manufacturing, government and finance, insurance and real estate.

The top employers (with number of people employed) were local government (62,700), state government (28,800), the U.S. Government (18,200), Indiana University-Purdue University in Indianapolis (8,250) and Eli Lilly and Company (7,500). Although the Indianapolis site was deliberately chosen because of its proximity to the White River, it turned out that the river was too shallow to support navigation for most of the year. Thus, Indianapolis became the largest city in the world, not located on a waterway, and the city's development was forced to focus on its remaining main asset: its central location, which drove the growth of highways and railroads that ultimately turned the city into the crossroads of United States.

Today, the White River anchors the 101-hectare (250-acre) White River State Park located near the heart of the city. Indianapolis is home to the second largest medical school in the country and its largest nursing school, as well as one of its most prestigious pediatric hospitals. The affiliated Indiana University Medical Center is the country's largest university medical center, comprising three hospitals and about 90 clinics, many of which offer services based on cutting-edge medical technology. Some of the world's top athletes have been treated for orthopedic injuries at Methodist Hospital, the state's largest medical facility.

Other hospitals in the city include St. Vincent's Hospital and Health Care Center, a specialized surgical center, and Winona Memorial Hospital, which has a sleep disorder clinic. There are nearly 3,000 practicing doctors in the city. The American College of Sports Medicine is also based in Indianapolis.

Thanks to promotional efforts and the construction of new facilities since the 1980s, Indianapolis has earned a place as the main venue for amateur sporting events and sports-related activities. Major League Baseball Indianapolis sports teams include the Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League and the Indiana Pacers of the National Basketball Association. The Colts play at the RCA Dome (formerly Hoosier Dome), which seats 60,500 people; the Pacers play at the Market Square Arena. The best-known sporting event held in Indianapolis is the Indianapolis 500 mile race (popularly known as the Indianapolis 500), which is held annually on Memorial Day weekend at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, attracts more than 350,000 visitors and attracts professional race drivers from Everyone.

The 101-hectare (250-acre) entrance to White River State Park is located on West Washington Street, near the heart of downtown Indianapolis. It houses the Indianapolis Zoo, the Eiteljorg Museum of Indian and Western American Art, a new 3D IMAX theater and the Victory Field baseball park. The largest park in Indianapolis (and one of the largest municipal parks in the country) is Eagle Creek Park, which covers 1,538 hectares (3,800 acres) and has a recently renovated nature center, more than 16 kilometers (ten miles) of trails and a marina that offers sailing, canoeing, kayaking and other activities Aquatic sports. There is also a one-hectare (three-acre) beach and a half-hectare (one-acre) ecological pond.

Garfield Park, established in the 1860s, is the city's oldest park. It houses the Garfield Park Conservatory, which has an extensive collection of rare plants and tropical birds, and also has sunken gardens and an amphitheater. Other city parks include Holliday Park, Ellenberger Park, Broad Ripple Park, Riverside Park and Marott Park. In total, Indianapolis has nearly 140 parks.

The Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra, founded in 1930 and currently conducted by Raymond Leppard, has been ranked by the New York Times as one of the ten best orchestras in the country. It performs at the renovated Circle Theater and elsewhere in the state. Indianapolis is also home to an opera company, ballet and contemporary dance companies, and the state's only repertory theater. The Indianapolis-Marion County Public Library has its main building downtown and 21 neighborhood branches throughout the city.

Founded in 1873, the library employs 460 people and an annual circulation of 8.4 million items. Its collections include 1.7 million volumes of books, more than 45,000 compact discs and 100 titles on CD-ROM. Among the areas in which it has special collections are early children's literature, early editions by Indiana authors, and James Whitcomb Riley. In total, Indianapolis is home to about 80 public and private libraries, including several university collections, as well as the Indiana State Library.

The Indiana University-Purdue University Library collection in Indianapolis comprises more than 360,000 volumes. There are also numerous private and government research institutions throughout the city, including the Hudson Institute, which conducts public policy research. The Indianapolis Museum of Art is considered one of the most prominent art museums in the Midwest. Located in a picturesque park that includes a botanical garden, it stands out for its Chinese and neo-impressionist collections, as well as the country's largest collection of paintings by 19th-century British artist J.

Other museums worth mentioning include the Children's Museum (the largest children's museum in the world), which offers a multitude of practical scientific exhibits; the Eiteljorg Museum of American and Western Indian Art; the Indiana State Museum, which focuses on the history of the state; a sports museum; and the Indianapolis Motor Speedway and Museum of the Hall of Fame. Since the 1980s, Indianapolis has actively promoted tourism by promoting itself as a sports event center for fans, building new sports facilities and expanding its hotel facilities. In addition to the renowned Indianapolis 500, held annually at Indianapolis Speedway, the city has hosted the Pan American Games (198) and the NCAA Final Four (1991 and 1999). Downtown Indianapolis has 19 hotels with more than 4,000 rooms; the metropolitan area has 153 hotels with approximately 20,000 rooms.

The main convention center is the Indiana Convention Center %26 RCA Dome. In 1995, Indianapolis attracted more than one million convention delegates. April Hoosier Horse Fair %26 Expo May Broad Ripple Art Fair Indianapolis 500 Auto Race and Festival June 500, Middle East Festival, Indian Market/Indy Jazz Festival, Italian Festival, Mid-Summer Festival, Strawberry Festival, Abbott Street Art Fair, July 4th, FestCircleFestIndiana, Black Expo August AfricafestIndiana Avenue Jazz Festival/Indiana State Fair Brickyard 400, September Auto Race, Greek Festival, Heartland Film Festival, Massachusetts Avenue, Fall Festival, Penrod Arts Fair, Hoosier Storytelling Festival, Oktoberfest, Benjamin Harrison (1833-18190), 23rd President of the United States. Eli Lilly (1885-1897), businessman and philanthropist.

James Whitcomb Riley (1849-1891), writer known as the poet of the common people. Booth Tarkington (1869-1894), novelist and playwright. Washington St, Indianapolis, IN 46204 (31) 327-4348 Indianapolis Planning Division 200 E. Washington St, Indianapolis, IN 46204 (31) 327-5151 Mayor's Office (200 E).

Washington St, Indianapolis, IN 46204 (31) 327-3601 Indiana Convention Center %26 RCA Dome100 S. Capitol Ave, Indianapolis, IN 46225 (31) 262-3410 Indianapolis Chamber of Commerce (320 N Meridian St. Suite 200 Indianapolis, IN 46204 (31) 464-2200 Indianapolis Convention and Visitors Association 200 S. Washington St.

Suite 1200Indianapolis, IN 46204 Indianapolis News 307 N. Pennsylvania St, Indianapolis, IN 46204 (31) 633-1038 Indianapolis Star 307 N. Pennsylvania St, Indianapolis, IN 46204 (31) 633-1240 (31) 633-1240 Just a short drive away for more than half of the country's population, Indianapolis has set out to become an attractive tourist destination by combining diverse cultural opportunities with first-class hotels and excellent shopping and dining. The revitalization of the city center, where modernized 19th century buildings sit alongside futuristic structures, has made Indianapolis an architecturally interesting city.

The street grid, inspired by Washington, DC. In Monument Circle, the observation deck of the Soldiers and Sailors Monument offers a panoramic view of the city and the surrounding countryside. The Indiana War Memorial Plaza, a five-block downtown shopping mall that offers urban green spaces, contains a 100-foot granite monolith, 50-state flags and a fountain in University Square. The square houses the national headquarters of the American Legion; a martial history museum is located in the Memorial Sanctuary building.

Indianapolis has once again focused its attention on the city's most prominent natural element, the White River. Overlooked for generations, the river is now the centerpiece of White River State Park, a 250-acre urban green space just a few blocks from the city's commercial heart. The park is home to the Indianapolis Zoo, the White River Gardens, the NCAA headquarters and Hall of Fame, the Congressional Medal of Honor Monument, Victory Field, the Eiteljorg Museum of American and Western Indian Art, the new Indiana State Museum (opened in 2005) and Indiana's only IMAX movie theater. The park's common spaces attract personal events, such as weddings, family reunions and picnics, to major festivals, concerts and even conferences.

The Lawn, opened in 2003, has an oceanfront bandstand and space for 5000 people. The Indianapolis Zoo, the first urban zoo to be built in several decades, is home to more than 2000 animals. The zoo is located on 64 acres in the White River Urban State Park. The Whale and Dolphin Pavilion presents shows with bottlenose dolphins, belugas and false orcas.

Piranhas and giant snakes live in a simulated Amazon jungle; the desert greenhouse, covered by an acrylic dome, presents plant and animal life from the world's arid regions. Capitol Commons contains the Indiana State House, which houses the office of the governor and the General Assembly. Garfield Park, home to the Garfield Park Conservatory, has more than 500 examples of tropical flora, rare carnivorous plants and tropical birds; the park contains formal gardens, fountains and limestone bridges. The Scottish Rite Cathedral, built with Indiana limestone, is the largest Masonic temple in the world; its 54-bell chime can be heard throughout the city.

Ballet Internationale is a resident professional company operating at the Murat Center. The Clowes Memorial Hall, on the Butler University campus, houses the Indianapolis Opera House and the Indianapolis Chamber Orchestra. Dance Kaleidoscope is the city's contemporary dance company. On the IMA grounds is the Oldfields-Lilly House %26 Gardens, which has an 18th century French-style castle, which was formerly the residence of J.

Fairbanks Art %26 Nature Park offers 100 acres of natural, wooded landscape, with trails, waterways and opportunities for visitors to experience the interaction of art and nature. Every year, Indianapolis hosts a series of festivals and fairs that celebrate the city's history, traditions, and ethnic heritage. The most elaborate is the annual month-long Festival 500 held in May, which combines events related to the Indianapolis 500 Mile race and other activities, such as the mini-marathon and the 5 km races, a parade, the Mayor's Breakfast, Children's Day and others. Benno Fest celebrates the city's German heritage in March.

April marks the Indiana International Film Festival, one of two film festivals in the city. Midwestern artists present their crafts and artwork in June at the Talbot Street Art Fair. The Indiana Black Expo summer celebration celebrates African American heritage for 10 days in July at the Indiana Convention Center. Oktoberfest is held in early September, followed by the Penrod Arts Fair, a commemorative celebration of Indianapolis author Booth Tarkington's most famous character, with art and entertainment exhibits at the Indianapolis Museum of Art.

A three-day International Festival is held at the end of October; the Heartland Film Festival, in October, celebrates independent and theatrically released films. Madrigal dinners kick off the holiday season at the end of the year on the Indiana University-Purdue University campus in Indianapolis with a grand banquet that recreates the customs, clothing and songs of medieval England. Other festivals and events are held throughout the year as part of university and museum event programs; others are held during the warmer months as part of the park district's events program. Known above all for the Indianapolis 500 and the Allstate 400 in the Brickyard (formerly the Brickyard 400), Indianapolis made a conscious and successful effort in the 1980s to become an amateur sports capital and a major league city, a distinction that is undisputed today.

The Triple-A Indians of Indianapolis play baseball at Victory Field in White River State Park, an outdoor stadium with capacity for 13,500 people. Indianapolis's commitment to sponsoring a world-class amateur athletic competition has made excellent facilities available to the public. The Major Taylor Velodrome, named after the first African-American to win a world championship in any sport, is a state-of-the-art oval bicycle track with an inclined concrete surface of 28 degrees; it is open to the public from March to October. Runners can try the track at Indiana University's %26 Athletics football stadium; the university's swimming pool offers public facilities, including swimming pools, weight rooms and a gym.

The Indianapolis Tennis Center makes 24 tennis courts available to the public. The Circle Centre shopping center, which covers two city blocks in the heart of downtown Indianapolis, offers tourists and residents many shopping, dining and entertainment options. In addition to the main Nordstrom and Parisian stores, Circle Centre has more than 100 specialty stores, restaurants and nightclubs, as well as a nine-screen movie theater, a virtual reality theme park and the Indianapolis Artsgarden. The aerial walkways connect Circle Center to seven hotels, the Indiana Convention Center, the RCA Dome, the Indiana Government Center, and offices, stores and restaurants.

Circle Centre has driven a development boom in the adjacent blocks, including the addition of a Hard Rock Cafe and several exclusive restaurants. Indianapolis enjoys good restaurants that serve a variety of ethnic and traditional food, ranging from new American cuisine with a hoosier twist to authentic German and French specialties. Health-food restaurants are popular, as are Japanese, Middle Eastern, coffee shops, Italians, and Mexicans. Mystery Cafe offers customers the opportunity to dine and solve a Who Dunnit.

Indianapolis is the Midwest's main industrial, commercial and transportation center. Located near the vast agricultural region known as the Corn Belt and the industrialized cities of the upper Midwest and the East, Indianapolis is supported by a diversified economic base. Before the 1980s, the city's main industry was manufacturing, which has been displaced by retail and services. After making a conscious decision to achieve prosperity through sports, Indianapolis quadrupled its tourist trade and doubled its hotel space during the period between 1984 and 1991, mainly by organizing sports events for fans.

Since that period, Indianapolis's role in sports has been magnified. Every major sporting event brings tens of millions of dollars to the economy and generates greater business opportunities, more jobs and increased tax payments to the city. Tourism and conventions, including the hospitality industry, are important economic factors. The best performing companies based in Indianapolis include Anthem Inc.

Top employers include Clarian Health, Dow AgroSciences, Roche Diagnostics and more than 20 others. The insurance industry was long established in Indianapolis; several insurance companies have located their headquarters and regional offices in the city. With the largest pens east of Chicago, Indianapolis is also a major meat packing center. Unigov's main objectives are to stimulate business growth through a wider distribution of the tax base, simplified business access to government services and the expansion of city limits.

The Indianapolis Metropolitan Area Progress Committee, an independent deputy to the mayor's office, and the Corporate Community Council facilitate public and private business cooperation. The State of Indiana offers tax credits to companies expanding in Indiana or just operating in Indiana through its Economic Development Program for a Growing Economy (EDGE). Tax credits are also available through the Enterprise Zone program. The Skills Enhance Fund reimburses training costs for eligible employees, as does the TECH Fund, the GET program, the WIN program, and several others.

The state provides loans and administers programs such as the Small Business Administration Program 7A, the Indiana Business Modernization and Technology Corporation, the Innovation Development Corporation, and the Indiana Science and Technology Corporation (research and development grants). Provides employment services through seven WorkOne centers across the city; it also contracts for youth programs under the Federal Workforce Investment Act and helps companies with hiring and training programs. IMPACT, Indiana's workplace wellness program, helps with training and skills. JobWorks provides assistance to area businesses and job seekers throughout Northeast Indiana.

Indianapolis is a major transportation and distribution center for the Midwest. As the most centrally located of the 100 largest cities in the United States, Indianapolis is 650 miles away from 55 percent of all Americans, or more than 50 million homes. The city has four interstate highways, six railroads, an international airport and a foreign trade zone. There are three ports that serve the entire state and are within a three-hour drive of Indianapolis.

Indianapolis, the center of an extensive rail network, has a total of 26 operational rail corridors and five key freight transportation facilities. CSX and Norfolk Southern are the two Class 1 operations, and the four short lines consist of Indiana Railroad Co. Indianapolis employers have a workforce of approximately one million qualified and educated regional workers; the region has a labor productivity rate higher than the national average. The region's economic diversity contributes to its success, as does its attractiveness to businesses due to transportation infrastructure, qualified workforce, business incentives and quality of life.

With central Indiana becoming less and less dependent on the automotive industry, manufacturing remains Indianapolis's strongest economic sector. In the third quarter of 2004, Indianapolis manufacturing companies employed just over 13 percent of the workforce. Health industries supported just over 12 percent of jobs in the area, with retail and lodging and food service followed, with 11.5 percent and 9 percent of jobs in the area, respectively. The multitude of downtown development projects added, and continue to add, jobs in the area, in addition to generating billions of dollars to the local economy.

Indianapolis continues to attract high-profile companies that are headquartered or based in the city. The following is a summary of data on several key cost-of-living factors in the Indianapolis area. After the legislature approved the site in 1821, the name Indianapolis was chosen, a combination of Indiana plus the Greek word polis for city. Four square miles were allocated for the city, but the chief surveyor, E.

Fordham, drew an area of only one square mile because it seemed inconceivable that the capital would ever be larger. Alexander Ralston, who had previously helped map out the District of Columbia, was hired to design the future city. He decided to model it in the nation's capital, with four wide avenues that branch diagonally to the north, south, east and west from a central circle. At the turn of the century, Indianapolis was a leader in the booming automotive industry.

Black is credited with building the first car with an internal combustion gasoline engine in 1891, which ultimately proved impractical because its ignition required a kerosene torch. Before World War I, 65 different types of cars were produced, including Stutz, Coasts, Duesenberg and Cole. Other Indianapolis industrialists created many innovations and improvements in automotive manufacturing, including four-wheel brakes and the six-cylinder engine. A pivotal event in the total transformation of Indianapolis from an industrial city to a sports city occurred in 1969, when a change in federal tax laws forced charitable foundations to spend more money.

The Lilly Endowment, a local foundation based on Eli Lilly's drug fortune, decided to focus on Indianapolis. The result was a huge injection of capital that promoted the city's sports business and led to the conversion of the city's convention center into a football stadium with capacity for 61,000 people. In 1970, the creation of UniGov combined municipal government with that of Marion County, immediately making Indianapolis the eleventh largest city. The city achieved dramatic advances in its national reputation through initiatives implemented by the UniGov structure.

Indianapolis renovated its main historic structures, built new sports facilities, and invested in arts and entertainment. The city positioned itself as an international capital of amateur sports when, in 1987, it invested in sports facilities and hosted the World Indoor Athletics Championships and the Pan American Games, surpassed only by the Summer Olympics. In January 2000, Bart Peterson, a Democrat, took office as mayor of Indianapolis. During his 1999 mayoral campaign, Peterson presented the Peterson Plan, a bold and detailed vision for Indianapolis in the new millennium.

It focused on fighting crime more aggressively, improving public education in Marion County, and providing better services to neighborhoods. In his first month as mayor, Mayor Peterson convened the country's first municipal summit on race relations, which brought people together to discuss ways to close the gaps that sometimes exist between people of different races, religions and backgrounds. He also named the most diverse administration in the city's 180-year history. Today, Indianapolis is a cosmopolitan mix of art, education, culture and sports; a city with a great vision for the future.

Building on the momentum gained in the last decade of the 20th century, the city is in the midst of a cultural and quality of life revival. World-class sports, a diverse economy and the presence of healthy and successful companies complete the history of Indianapolis in the 21st century. More than 120 more schools, including preschools, alternative centers, religious schools, academies, Montessori-based schools, academies and others, operate in Indianapolis. Several public and private institutions of higher education are located in Indianapolis.

Affiliated to the two major state universities is Indiana University-Purdue University in Indianapolis; more than 29,000 students are enrolled in associate, baccalaureate, master's and doctoral programs. Of the 18 programs and 185 specializations offered, areas of specialization include art, engineering technologies, dentistry, law, medical technology, nursing, occupational therapy and social work. Butler University and the University of Indianapolis, both private institutions, award undergraduate and graduate degrees in fields such as music, pharmacy, nursing, education and physical therapy. Universities and technical schools in the Indianapolis metropolitan region include Marian College, which offers a liberal arts curriculum, and Indiana Vocational Technical College (Ivy Tech), one of a network of 23 state training and education centers.

The Indiana University-Purdue University Library in Indianapolis (IUPUI) houses more than 650,000 volumes and more than 4,000 periodic subscriptions; other libraries within the IUPUI system include the Herron School of Art Library, the Ruth Lilly Medical Library, the School of Dentistry Library, and the Ruth Lilly Law Library. In total, the stocks of all IUPUI libraries total more than 2.5 million items. Butler University funds include a collection of music and fine art. Indianapolis is home to a variety of libraries and special research centers, many of them related to universities.

Among them is the Hudson Institute, the internationally renowned policy research organization. State agencies, such as the Indiana Department of Commerce, the Indiana Department of Education and the Indiana Department of Environmental Management also manage libraries. Other specialized libraries are affiliated with law firms, hospitals, newspapers, publishers, museums, and churches and synagogues. Of particular interest are the Indianapolis Zoo Library and the Indianapolis Children's Museum Library.

The research is carried out in centers managed or affiliated with Indiana University-Purdue University in Indianapolis, where topics such as aging, the environment, biology, medicine, law, economics and many others are researched. Butler University's research programs are conducted on a wide variety of topics. Jewish education is provided by the Office of Jewish Education, the Hasten Hebrew Academy (a day school that provides elementary and secondary education) and congregational religious schools. The Hebrew language is taught in 2 suburban public high schools.

The Jews of Indianapolis exert a great influence on the city's civic, humanitarian and cultural affairs. The Indianapolis Symphony was founded by prominent Jews, and Jews continue to play leadership roles in the orchestra, which originated in the Kirshbaum Center, the Jewish Community Center of its time. Jews have been at the forefront of the leadership of the Indianapolis Museum of Art, the Indianapolis Children's Museum, the Indianapolis Art Center, the Eiteljorg Museum of Western Art, the Indianapolis International Opera and Ballet. In the past, Jews mainly earned their living in retail, wholesale and service businesses, but today, more are engaged in communications, real estate development, and the medical and legal professions.

The revitalization efforts of the 1970s and 1980s may not have been possible without a consolidated city-county government with a strong mayor and city-county council in the center. Most city and county offices were consolidated and placed under the authority of a person appointed by the mayor in 1969, in what is popularly known as Unigov. The boundaries of the city of Indianapolis became contiguous with those of Marion County, expanding the city's size to 361 square miles. Racial and ethnic characteristics (2000) Number of households with income of.

The main daily newspaper in Indianapolis is the morning newspaper The Indianapolis Star. The Indianapolis Business Journal, the Indianapolis Recorder, a newspaper with an African-American focus, and several newspapers from neighborhoods and suburbs are published weekly. Indianapolis Monthly is a magazine that features articles on local and state issues. Several magazines and magazines of special interest are published in the city.

Nationally renowned magazines include The Saturday Evening Post, Jack and Jill and Humpty Dumpy's Magazine. Quill, a magazine for journalists and journalism students, is published nine times a year. Topics covered in other Indianapolis-based publications include art, religion, medicine, nursing, law, education, pets and gymnastics. .


Rickie Koning
Rickie Koning

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