Indigenous peoples have inhabited the area since 10,000 BC. C. In 1818, the Lenape relinquished their tribal lands in the Treaty of St. In 1821, Indianapolis was founded as a planned city for the new seat of Indiana's state government.
The city was laid out by Alexander Ralston and Elias Pym Fordham on a 1 square mile (2.6 km) grid next to the White River. The completion of the Michigan and national highways and the arrival of the railroad later consolidated the city's position as a manufacturing and transportation hub. Two of its nicknames, Crossroads of America and Railroad City, reflect its historic links to transportation. Since the consolidation of the 1970 city-county, known as Unigov, local government administration has been conducted under the direction of an elected 25-member city-county council headed by the mayor.
The Central Indiana Regional Transportation Authority (CIRTA) is a quasi-governmental agency that organizes regional carpools and van rides and operates three connections to the public workforce from Indianapolis to employment centers in Plainfield and Whitestown. Health care in Indianapolis is provided by more than 20 hospitals, most of which belong to the private, non-profit health systems of Ascension St. Vincent Health, Community Health Network and Indiana University Health. Several are teaching hospitals affiliated with the Indiana University School of Medicine or the Marian University School of Osteopathic Medicine.
Other major non-profit private hospitals based in the city include Ascension St. Vincent Hospital Indianapolis, Community Hospital East, Community Hospital North and Franciscan Health Indianapolis. Indianapolis, located in Marion County and capital of Indiana, USA. UU., Is situated on the White River at its confluence with Fall Creek, near the center of the state.
It is a planned municipality, its design resembling that of Washington, D., C. The climate is typical of the center-east of the Midwest, with warm to hot summers and cold winters; rainfall is moderate and distributed fairly evenly throughout the year. Beginning in the 1880s, meat packaging and metallurgy emerged as important industries. The latter led to the development of automotive manufacturing as a central element of the city's economy.
The population of Indianapolis surpassed 100,000 in 1890 and continued to grow rapidly in the 20th century. The city was also a center of labor organization in the late 19th century, and several influential unions, including Carpenters and Carpenters Union, International Typographic Union and United States Mining Workers Union, established their headquarters there. The Indianapolis Motor Speedway opened in 1909 in Speedway's suburbs as a test track for local automotive plants. The first 500 mile (800 km) car race held there in 1911 was won by a locally manufactured Marmon race car.
Although automotive manufacturing eventually left the city, the Indianapolis 500 (held annually in late May on Memorial Day weekend) has become one of the world's leading car races and attracts huge audiences. Indianapolis is one of the most populated cities in the world; it is not found in navigable waters, although it is a hub for road, rail and air transportation. These facilities and its location in the middle of Corn Belt close to large coal deposits and consumer markets have combined to make it an important commercial, financial and industrial center. Pharmaceuticals and chemicals, machinery, plastics, wood and paper products, electrical equipment (including televisions and audio equipment) are major products.
It is also a regional center for distribution, retailing and health care; tourism has grown in importance. Beginning in the 1970s, Indianapolis worked to become an international amateur sports center; this effort produced significant economic growth. In addition to NCAA headquarters, organizations such as National Institute of Fitness and Sport (a research center in sports physiology) have been attracted to it. Other facilities for fans include Indianapolis Tennis Center (197) and Major Taylor Velodrome (198), a bicycle racetrack.
Lucas Oil Stadium (200) is home to Colts professional American football team; Bankers Life Fieldhouse (1999; formerly Conseco Fieldhouse) is home to Pacers (men's) and Fever (women's) professional basketball teams. The Indiana State Fairgrounds with more than 55 permanent buildings including Art Deco Pepsi Coliseum (193) is a hub for business and social activities. The annual state fair (August) draws big crowds as does Indiana Black Expo summer celebration (July) and Indy Jazz Fest (June). President Benjamin Harrison (187) and poet James Whitcomb Riley (187) have been preserved as museums.
Other prominent residents include Charles Warren Fairbanks (vice-president under Theodore Roosevelt), authors Booth Tarkington and Kurt Vonnegut Jr. Indianapolis is located right at the center of Indiana state. It lies on east side of United States sharing its southern border with Kentucky while Illinois lies on its west side; Michigan on its north side while Ohio lies on its east side. The city is located at heart of Indiana within east-central Midwest region of United States. The metropolitan area covers total area 952.95 square meters.
km occupied by land while 16.30 square meters. km occupied by water making it 18th largest city in terms United States when it comes to land area. The consolidated city limits adjoin Marion County except for separate communities Beech Grove Lawrence Southport Speedway. City county divided into nine municipalities which are most extensive geographical divisions city county. Till Plains which include hills low valleys occupy heart state region part Midwest Corn Belt so named because corn one region's most important crops. Known Hoosier State Indiana state with great pride located Midwest region Great Lakes region United States.